ADVANTAGES OF THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE
Las ventajas de un automóvil eléctrico o un vehículo eléctrico son de naturaleza tanto técnica como económica.
Los primeros se refieren al funcionamiento del motor, más simple, más silencioso y más limpio que los tradicionales; el último se refiere a la gestión de los costes, que para un eléctrico están más contenidos (no hay partes sujetas a desgaste o reemplazo de fluidos, como en los vehículos tradicionales).
The advantages of an electric car or an electric vehicle are both technical and economic in nature. The first refers to the operation of the engine, simpler, quieter and cleaner than traditional ones; the latter refers to the management of costs, which for an electric are more contained (there are no parts subject to wear or replacement of fluids, as in traditional vehicles).
The emissions are equal to zero, the components of the cars (on average lighter) impact less, the lithium batteries can last a lot (there are cycles of 2,000 recharges, 300,000 km of travel, 10 years of useful life, and deals with factors that are constantly improving.
CIRCULATION IN LIMITED TRAFFIC ZONES
As non-polluting vehicles, electric cars are not subject to restrictions of movement in areas of limited traffic, also subject to the registration number to restricted traffic areas. This represents a great benefit for everyone who lives in large urban centres or who will travel to work by car.
To “fill” an electric vehicle, simply connect it to the power source for a few hours and pay at the standard tariff provided by your energy supplier.
In addition, fast charging points will soon be extended within the cities, where a driving capacity of approximately 100 km will be achieved with 30 minutes of battery charging.
The motor of the electric car is extremely quiet and contributes greatly to eliminate noise pollution and make the driving experience more pleasant.
For charging stations, the standard reference is IEC 61851-1.
This e-regulation foresees an electronic control system that uses a “universal” communication system between the station and the vehicle through a PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) circuit, necessary to guarantee the safety of the charging process, both for people and to avoid damage to the vehicle’s battery.
Domestic recharge without PWM.
Mode 1 consists of the direct connection of the electric vehicle to the normal electrical outlets. Therefore, the Control Box is not provided. This mode is only suitable for electric bicycles and some scooters. It does not apply to electric cars
Safe recharge at home / business level, slow or fast.
In the vehicle’s power cable there is a device called Control Box (PWM safety system) that guarantees the safety of operations during charging, sockets that can be used are domestic or industrial up to 32 Amp, Ampere is a unit of electric current. (single-phase and three-phase, 22kW max.).
Refills for public areas, slow or fast
It is the mandatory form for public areas, recharging must be done through a specific power system with specific connectors, the PWM security system is present, the recharge can be of the slow (16 A 230 V) or fast type (up to 32 Amp, Ampere is a unit of electric current, 400 V)